CRFHJ, Vol. II, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1983, pp. 25-33

Origin of The Amherst County, Virginia, Carpenter Families:

A New Direction for Further Research?

By: Terry Lee Carpenter, annotated Sept. 2000

Most of the readers of The Carpenter and Related Family Historical Journal are familiar with the difficulty descendants of Benjamin Carpenter of Amherst County have had in identifying his parents and placing him in the documented Carpenter families of Virginia. In this article, written at the request of James Ausie Carpenter, information will be presented on the origin of some Virginia Carpenters, which, after further research, may be found to relate to the origin of Benjaminís family and possibly the family of Thomas Carpenter I of Amherst County.

The basis for this research on the origin of the Amherst1 County families lies in a tradition recorded by Colonel William Thomas Carpenter in a 1952 letter to Jessielyn Carpenter Bishop: "A grandson of (Benjamin) wrote me Nov. 16, 1916 (R. E. Carpenter of Lahore, Orange Co., Va.) that his grandfather, Benjamin came from England and stopped in King and Queen Co., Va. and then moved to Amherst." This "R. E. Carpenter" was Richard Eaton (or Eden) Carpenter, a son of Austin Carpenter who was a son of Benjamin Carpenter. This tradition substantiates that given by William Enoch Carpenter, also a grandson of Benjamin through Austin, who stated in a biographical sketch written about 1884 that his father Austin Carpenter came from King and Queen County, Virginia.2 This would put their time of arrival in Amherst County at about 1778, the year of Austinís birth, which date would be in agreement with Benjaminís first recorded purchase of land in Amherst County on March 1, 1779.3

Colonel Carpenterís aunt, Miss Annaline (Anna) Carpenter, began in 1878 to collect information about the family of Thomas Carpenter I who signed a "Petition of Dissenters of Albemarle, Amherst, and Buckingham Counties, Virginia" with his sons Thomas Jr., John, and Benjamin Carpenter, on October 22, 1776, from the children of Thomas Carpenter III, a grandson of Thomas 1.4 The tradition given to her was that seven Carpenter brothers came over from England before the Revolutionary War and settled in Virginia, and that they may have been of either the Devonshire or Herefordshire families.5 This is not unreconcilable with the Benjamin Carpenter family tradition, though it is known that Thomas Carpenter I was in Amherst County in 1765, and quite possibly earlier.6 Colonel Carpenter believed that Thomas Carpenter I and Benjamin Carpenter were brothers, though he stated that he had no proof.7 I also have seen no proof and regard it as questionable, subject to further research.

While following up on Colonel Carpenterís excellent research I came across some interesting material on several families of Virginia which seemed to correlate with Benjaminís family. Central to this information is a collection of papers concerning the settlement of the estate of Corynden Carpenter of Launceston, Cornwall, England, who died in July of 1776, testate, leaving a widow and three sisters, but no children as heirs.8 The papers reveal that Corynden Carpenter had a brother in America, Dr. Nathaniel Carpenter of Virginia.9 Dr. Nathaniel Carpenter had come from England to Virginia before the Revolution, probably no earlier than the middle 1760ís, and had settled in King and Queen County.10 Corynden and Dr. Nathaniel Carpenter were sons of Nathaniel Carpenter of Launceston, Cornwall, England, but only Coryndenís name was given in at least one authoritative account of Nathaniel seniorís children, indicating that all of Nathaniel seniorís children may not have been known.11

In the 1860ís some of the descendants of Jonathan Carpenter, Senior, of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, claimed descent from Nathanielís father.12 In an attempt to prove their relationship, living descendants of Jonathan filed affidavits and testified to the effect that they were descended from Dr. Nathaniel Carpenterís brother, Jonathan Carpenter of Spotsylvania County. However, the estate still was not settled to their favor. Other persons have since attempted to determine Jonathanís origin but apparently no further records have been found, in part because of the destruction of early King and Queen County records, and the children of Nathaniel Carpenter senior of Launceston, Cornwall, England, remain in question.13 Importantly, the tradition of Jonathan Carpenterís descendants was that Jonathan came from England and settled in King and Queen County, Virginia, then moved westward, settling in Spotsylvania County before 1763.14 This tradition of Jonathanís family correlates well with the above-mentioned tradition of Benjamin Carpenterís family and also, though less specifically, with the tradition of Thomas Carpenter Iís family, both recorded by Colonel William Thomas Carpenter.

Outlined below is information on the two known sons of Nathaniel Carpenter, Senior, of Launceston, Cornwall, England, followed by brief information gathered on several other Carpenter families which is presented for informative purposes:

I. Corynden Carpenter, born 1731, a son of Nathaniel Carpenter of Launceston, Cornwall, England; lived in Launceston and died there in July of 1776 leaving a widow and three sisters but no children; bequeathed his estate to his brother Dr. Nathaniel Carpenter and his children, of Virginia.15

II. Dr. Nathaniel Carpenter, a son of Nathaniel Carpenter, Senior, of Launceston, Cornwall, England; was a Devonshire physician; married Nancy Fauntleroy, daughter of Bushrod and Elizabeth (Fooshee) Fauntleroy (of Northumberland and Spotsylvania Counties), in 1768 in Williamsburg; lived in King and Queen County; served as collector of the Kingís customs for the Rappahannock district of Virginia in 1770; he also appears in records of King William and James City Counties; died in April of 1778, probably in Essex County, Virginia, leaving children:16

A. Corynden Carpenter, probably born ca. 1771; sailed to England in 1792 to claim his share of his unccle Coryndenís estate and arranged for his three brothers, who were still minors, to receive their shares when they came of age; served in the 14th Brigade Artillery in Gloucester County, Virginia, in 1794; was reported to have died at sea in 1797.17

B. Bushrod Carpenter, born ca. 1773; was reported to have died in Virginia in 1794, leaving no heirs except his surviving brothers.18

C. William Fauntleroy Carpenter, born in 1775; he was a American patriot and after he sailed to England in 1795 to collect his share of his uncleís estate he was killed on August 12, 1796, in a duel with a fellow Virginian who had disputed his defense of the American cause; he left no heirs.19

D. Nathaniel Carpenter, born probably ca. 1776; sailed to England in 1797 to receive his share of his uncleís estate; was reported to have died in 1805, a bachelor.20

III. Jonathan Carpenter, born probably before 1730; said by descendants to have come from England; lived first in King and Queen County, then moved westward to King William County, and settled in Spotsylvania County; married Jane; died in 1763 in Spotsylvania County, leaving a widow, Jane, and children:21

A. Jonathan Carpenter, born probably before 1750; married (1) Susannah Lea, daughter of Francis and Ann Lea, before 1766, (2) Elizabeth Montague, widow of James Trigg of King and Queen County; living in Spotsylvania County, in 1774, 1782, and 1783, where he died ca. 1798, leaving a widow, Elizabeth, and children (probably by Susannah):22

1. Jesse Carpenter; moved to Fayette County, Kentucky, before 1798; living in Shelby County, Kentucky, 1810-1850.

2. Zacheus Carpenter; also moved to Fayette County, Kentucky, before 1798; living in Shelby County 1810-1840.

3. Frances Carpenter; ward of Thomas Duvall of Fayette County, Kentucky in 1798; no further Information.

4. Nancy Carpenter; ward of Thomas Duvall of Fayette County in 1798; no further information.

5. Jonathan Carpenter; ward of Thomas Duvall of Fayette County in 1798; perhaps lived in Woodford County, Kentucky; no further information.

6. A daughter who married Thomas Duvall, or perhaps Frances or Nancy was his spouse: he was an heir of Jonathan in 1798 in Fayette County.

There may have been other children in Virginia.

B. John Carpenter, believed to have been born before 1750, married Mary ca. 1770; lived in King William County, Virginia; moved to Louisa County ca. 1764, where he died in 1803; his children are believed to be:23

1. Elizabeth Carpenter; perhaps married Thomas Bibb on December 3 or 4, 1787, in Louisa County; no further information.

2. Sarah Carpenter; perhaps married John Turner on August 13, 1798, in Louisa County; no further information.

3. Elijah Carpenter; married Elizabeth; living in Washington County, Virginia, in 1807 and 1810; no further information.

4. William Carpenter; possibly remained in Louisa County or may have settled in Washington County, no further information.

5. Frances Carpenter; no further information.

6. John Fulcher Carpenter, born April 6, 1785 or 1786, in Virginia; lived in Washington County, Virginia, and removed to Warren County, Kentucky, ca. 1820-1825; married Elizabeth Mustin on September 14, 1806; children:

a. Elijah F. Carpenter; no further information.

b. Jonathan Tinsley Carpenter, born August 6, 1809, in Virginia; married Elizabeth Dunn in Kentucky; lived in Warren County.

c. Mary Ann F. Carpenter, born 1811; married Spencer Dunn in Kentucky.

7. Jonathan Carpenter; probably removed to Fayette County, Tennessee, in the

1830ís, married Mary, and had a least three sons:24 (born ca. 1770-1780)

a. Fountaine Carpenter, born ca. 1797; settled in Fayette County, Tennessee.

b. Garland M. Carpenter, born ca. 1805; settled in Fayette County.

c. Fendal Carpenter, born ca. 1810; settled in Fayette County.

8. Nancy Carpenter; no further information.

9. Clifton Carpenter; of Louisa County, Virginia, in 1820; no further information.

IV. Benjamin Carpenter, born probably before 1730; said by descendants to have come from England, settling first in King and Queen County, then in Amherst County ca. 1778; married (1) Sarah, (2) Mary {This information on his spouse has since been proved wrong Ė the Benjamin with wife Sarah was a different individual}; lived in Amherst County in 1779, 1783, and died there ca. 1832, testate, leaving a widow, Mary, and children:25

A. Eaton Carpenter, born ca. 1765-1770; did not marry; died ca. 1848 in Amherst County.26

B. Enoch Carpenter, born ca. 1774; married Sarah (Sally) Evans on October 20, 1794, in Amherst County; migrated to Lawrence County, Alabama, ca. 1818; died ca. 1824 in Lawrence County, testate, leaving a widow, Sally, and children:27

1. William Edward Carpenter, born ca. 1795; married (1) Lucy Ralls on December

16, 1808, in Amherst County, (2) Lucinda Coleman Johnson Dillahunty in February of 1836 in Lawrence County, Alabama; moved to Tennessee, then Yazoo County, Mississippi.

2. Lucinda Carpenter; married James D. Hatton; lived in Lawrence County, Alabama.

3. Elizabeth (Betsey) Carpenter; living in Lawrence County in 1824.

4. Benjamin Carpenter, born May 1, 1803, in Amherst County; married Elizabeth (Betsey) Etheredge ca. 1823 in Lawrence County.

5. Patrick Carpenter, born ca. 1804; did not marry; lived in Giles County, Tennessee, and Lawrence County, Alabama.

6. Eleanor Carpenter; married Obediah Davidson on September 5, 1822, in Lawrence County, Alabama.

7. Polly Carpenter; living in Lawrence County in 1824.

C. Hensley Carpenter, born ca. 1770-1774; married Rhoda Mays on November 3, 1797, in Amherst County; migrated to Giles County, Tennessee, ca. 1818, died in Giles County, ca. 1846, testate, leaving a widow, Rhoda, and children:28

1. William Carpenter, born ca. 1794-1800; died before 1846 in Giles County, Tennessee.

2. Hensley Carpenter Junior, born 1807 in Amherst County; married Louisa Tomlinson on August 5, 1846, Lawrence County; living in Giles County in 1850.

3. Peachy Carpenter, born ca. 1803 in Amherst County; living in Giles County in 1850.

4. Mahala Carpenter, born ca. 1808 in Amherst County, married Thomas Pate on December 3, 1851, in Giles County.

5. Spicy Carpenter, born ca. 1801-1810 in Amherst County; living in Giles County in 1850.

6. Eaton Carpenter, born May 9, 1811, in Amherst County; married Emerilla Wolf on May 31, 1849, in Giles County; living in Giles County in 1850.

7. Washington D. Carpenter, born ca. 1813, in Amherst County; married Sarah; living in Giles County in 1850.

8. Rhoda Dauson Carpenter, born ca. 1824 in Tennessee; living in Giles County, Tennessee, in 1850.

D. Richard Carpenter, born before 1791 (probably in the 1770s); married Nancy Holloday on August 16, 1808, in Amherst County; migrated to Giles County, Tennessee, ca. 1818, and died there before 1820, leaving a widow, Nancy, and children:29

1. Clarkey Carpenter, born ca. 1809 in Amherst County; no further information.

2. Claiborne Carpenter, born ca. 1810 in Amherst County; married Cornelia; lived in Madison County, Tennessee, in 1850.

3. Daingerfield Carpenter, born ca. 1814 in Amherst County; married Ellen Kyle in 1835 in Hardeman County, Tennessee; removed to Texas.

4. Cecey Carpenter, born 1814 in Amherst County; married John Wilsford ca. 1830; living in Giles County, Tennessee, in 1850.

5. Michael Carpenter, born October 18, 1817, in Amherst County; married Julia A.; living in Giles County, Tennessee, in 1850.

6. Richard Carpenter, born ca. 1820 in Tennessee; married Parthena; living in Giles County, Tennessee in 1850.

E. James Carpenter, born ca. 1770-1780 in Amherst County; married Mahalath Mays on January 15, 1812, in Amherst County; migrated to Franklin County, Alabama, ca. 1818; died there ca. 1840; leaving a widow, Mahalath, and children:30

1. Leroy Carpenter, born ca. 1815 in Virginia; married Matilda Farris on December

5, 1838; lived in Franklin County, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, and McNairy County, Tennessee.

2. Eliza Carpenter, born ca. 1818 in Alabama; married Abner Moody ca. 1838; lived in Tishomingo County, Mississippi.

3. Nancy Carpenter, born ca. 1820 in Alabama; married Richard Thomason ca. 1835; lived in Franklin County, Alabama, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, and Hill County, Texas.

4. John James Carpenter, born ca. 1826 in Alabama; married (1) Caroline, (2) Margaret; lived in Franklin County, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, and Hardin County, Tennessee.

5. Amanda Jane Carpenter, born ca. 1837 in Alabama; married William Nunley on December 22, 1852, in Tishomingo County, Mississippi; no further information.

F. Austin Carpenter, born ca. 1778 in Virginia; married Catherine Scott on August 7, 1830, in

Amherst County; died in Amherst County in 1853, testate, leaving a widow, Catherine, and

children:31

1. Benjamin Carpenter, born ca. 1832.

2. William Enoch Carpenter, born on December 1, 1833.

3. Sterling Carpenter, born ca. 1835.

4. Cornelius Carpenter, born ca. 1839.

5. Sarah Carpenter, born ca. 1840.

6. Charles Carpenter, born ca. 1842.

7. Richard Eaton or Eden Carpenter, born ca. 1846.

G. Jean Carpenter; married Bailey Bolling on January 7, 1797, in Amherst County; no further information.

H. Clarkey Carpenter; married William Ball on July 22, 1806, in Amherst County; no further information.

I. Mary (Polly) Carpenter; married William Rogers on December 23, 1811, in Amherst County; they removed to Carroll County, Tennessee, where they were living in 1832.

V. Thomas Carpenter I, born probably before 1730; wifeís name unknown; lived in Amherst County, Virginia, as early as 1765; died ca. 1794 in Amherst County, leaving children:32

A. Thomas Carpenter II, born ca. 1750 in Virginia; married Sarah ca. 1770; a Revolutionary War soldier, he died in July of 1781 in Amherst County of wounds received in combat; left a widow, Sarah, and children:

1. John Carpenter; no further information.

2. William Carpenter, born in Amherst County; lived in Tennessee; married in Kentucky; a grandson lived in Desoto, Kansas, in 1879; no further information.

3. Rebecca Carpenter, born in Amherst County, Virginia; no further information.

    1. Mary Carpenter, born in Amherst County; no further information.
    2. Thomas Carpenter III, born on September 30, 1781, in Amherst County; married Mary Ann Shook in 1801 (bond issued on June 13, 1801) in Knox County, Tennessee; removed to Harrison County, Indiana, in 1814; died in Greene County, Indiana, in 1845

.B. John Carpenter, born ca. 1752 in Virginia; a Revolutionary War soldier; lived in Amherst County in 1783 and 1785; removed to Knox County, Tennessee, then Greene County, Kentucky; died probably after April of 1828 in Monroe County, I ndiana, leaving three or more children, names unknown.

C. Benjamin Carpenter, born March 1, 1755 or 1756, in Amherst County; a Revolutionary War soldier; lived in Tennessee, then removed to Schuyler County, Illinois; died ca. 1845 in Sangamon County, Illinois; he had one known son:

1. James Carpenter; lived in Illinois; had a son Jesse Carpenter, no further information.

D. William Carpenter, born on March 19, 1761, in Amherst County; a Revolutionary War soldier; married Mary Strickling on January 9, 1789, in Rockbridge (Augusta) County, Virginia; lived in Amherst County in 1800; removed to Knox County, Tennessee, then to Wayne County, Kentucky, about 1820, and died in Adair County, Kentucky, on September 14, 1835, leaving a widow, Mary, and four known children:

1. Rebecca Carpenter; married James Pratt on June 11, 1803, in Amherst County, no further information. (lived in Knox County, Tennessee in 1850)

2. Susannah Carpenter; married Marcus Ore on October 14, 1815, in Knox County, Tennessee; no further information.

3. Mary Carpenter, born ca. 1801; married (1) William Henry Walker, (2) McFarland Canterbury; lived in Adair County, Kentucky, in 1850.

4. Nancy Carpenter; married a Mooney; no further information.

E. George Carpenter, born in 1771 in Amherst County, Virginia; married Jane Phillips on November 3, 1797, in Amherst County; removed to Knox County, Tennessee, by 1800; lived in Blount, Franklin, Coffee, and probably other counties of Tennessee; removed to Anderson County, Texas, ca. 1845, where he died after 1850; he and Jane had a least five sons and three daughters, of whom five are believed to be:33

1. Mary Carpenter, born ca. 1798 in Virginia; married Josiah Clark ca. 1825; died in Coffee County, Tennessee, in the 1840s.

2. John W. Carpenter, born on September 25, 1806, in Tennessee; married Sarah G. in Tennessee; removed in January of 1836 to Fort Houston, Texas; joined the Nacogdoches Volunteers and fought in the Battle of San Jacinto; killed by a Comanche Indian on October 12, 1838, in Houston County, Texas.

3. Nelson Carpenter, born ca. 1880-1810; perhaps married Clarissa and died ca.

1840-1850 in Franklin County, Tennessee.

4. George W. Carpenter, born ca. 1811 in Tennessee; married Julia A. Tolliver ca. 1845 in Tennessee; removed to Anderson County, Texas, ca. 1845; died in Arkansas in 1862 while on a visit there.

5. Letina F. Carpenter; married James R. Sutten ca. 1846 (bond issued on December 18, 1846) in Anderson County, Texas; no further information.

F. James Carpenter, born in Amherst County, Virginia, probably in the 1770s; married Susan Hill on February 14, 1798, in Amherst County; removed probably to Knox County, Tennessee, before 1810; no further information.34

G. Rebecca Carpenter; perhaps removed to Indiana; no further information.

H. A son, name not known, though perhaps he was Chester Carpenter, born ca. 1770-1780; lived in Knox County, Tennessee, before 1800; removed to Warren County, Tennessee, then Trigg County, Kentucky; lived in White County, Illinois; served as a Representative from Hamilton and Jefferson Counties, Illinois, in 1824 and from Hamilton County in 1826.

{Chester Carpenter has since been proved to have originated in SC and is not a descendant of this line -- } Other names that have been mentioned are Samuel and Jesse.

VI. John Carpenter, born probably before 1720; married Mary; lived in Stafford County, Virginia; had children:35

A. Stephen Carpenter, born on June 24, 1737; no further information.

B. John Carpenter, born on May 15, 1739; no further information.

C. William Carpenter, born on May 5, 1742; no further information.

D. Thomas Carpenter, born on August 7, 1744; no further information.

E. Benjamin Carpenter, born on October 5, 1746; no further information.

F. Ann Carpenter, born on October 16, 1748; baptized on November 27, 1748, no further information.

G. George Carpenter, born on March 24, 1753; {This placement is more doubtful now Ė George appears more likely to be a son of Jonathan Carpenter No. III above, though not proved} perhaps married Elizabeth, died in

Flushing, Belmont County, Ohio, in 1815, testate, leaving children:36

1. Walker Carpenter; no further information.

2. Jonathan Carpenter, born ca. 1782-1783; married (1) unknown, (2) Atlantic Fawcett, (3) Susannah Fawcett, (4) Margaret Foreman; died on February 1, 1859, at Flushing, leaving a widow, Margaret, and children, not all of whom are known.

3. Thomas Carpenter; no further information.

4. Mary Carpenter; married a Pickering.

5. Amelia Carpenter; married Joseph Fawcett.

6. Sarah Carpenter; married Samuel Gilpin.

7. Catherine Carpenter; married George Brock of Stafford County, Virginia.

H. Charles Carpenter, born on September 6, 1756; no further information. Much more research is needed on this family.

As the readers have seen, of these six families, five were in Virginia before the Revolutionary War, three having come from England, and four having settled in King and Queen County or its vicinity and then removed westward in Virginia. In addition, other circumstantial evidence seems to point to relationships among them. Though purely speculative at this point, additional research might or might not produce evidence to prove or disprove any hypothetical relationships. It is just as important at this stage to disprove relationships as it is to prove them. Several sources of information which might contribute to elucidation of any relationships are:

(1) A collection of letters written in 1880 pertaining to the settlement of the Carpenter estate in Virginia, including letters from Bushrod Carpenter and Corydon (sic) Carpenter. This collection, called the Carpenter Papers, is in the Southern Historical Collection of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC; I have been given a very brief abstract of them, but it would be most interesting to see them in their entirety.

(2) The records of Launceston, Cornwall, England, might also be enlightening; they could contain more complete information on the family of Nathaniel Carpenter senior which might mention whether he had a son named Jonathan, Benjamin, John, or Thomas. Other English records should also be searched.

(3) The records of Albemarle County (from which Amherst was formed in 1761), Nelson County (formed from Amherst in 1807), Louisa (from which Albemarle was formed), Spotsylvania, Stafford, and any surviving records of King and Queen County, should be thoroughly searched. It is possible that King and Queen County was a common port of entry for western settlers and that many of the families who lived there were there only for a brief time.

(4) The records of the counties in Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois where descendants settled should also be searched for information about their ancestors and co-descendants.

It is obvious that much more research is needed on this subject. It may turn out to be a dead end, but at least this article may serve its intended purpose: to stimulate additional research on these families by demonstrating that there are many possibilities for new research which few researchers are pursuing. Please carefully consider the information presented and advise James Ausie Carpenter of your thoughts about it. Criticisms and additions would be welcomed by the author. (Note from Editor: Terry Leeís mailing address is: Mr. Terry L. Carpenter, 171 Eutaw Street, Starkville, Mississippi 39759)

Footnotes

1J. A. Carpenter (Ed.), Carpenter and Related Family Historical Journal, I (1981-1982): 22. This journal is hereafter cited as CRFHJ.

2J. A. Carpenter (Ed.), Carpenter and Related Family Paper, No. XXIII (1979): 3. These papers are hereafter cited as CRFP.

3CRFHJ, 1: 22.

4J. A. Carpenter (Ed.), Papers of Col. William Thomas Carpenter (privately printed and distributed, 1979) : 1, 8.

5lbid.: 1, 4.

6lbid.: 8.

7CRFHJ, 1: 22.

8Carpenter Papers, gift of Hugh Johnson to the Southern Historical Collection of the University North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

9Ibid. This is substantiated in a recent article by P. W. Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings in England" in National Genealogical Society Quarterly, (1982): 115-120, q.v.

10The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 27 (1919): 324.

11Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings...": 116. Nathaniel Sr. had five brothers in England: John, Samuel, Joseph, Benjamin, and Philip Carpenter.

12Ibid.: 116, 120.

13Ibid.: 119, 120, and The William and Mary Quarterly, Series 2, 16 (1936): 95. At least two other Virginia families have claimed descent from this family but their evidence has been considered questionable (Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings..." : 115-120).

14William and Mary Quarterly, Series 2, 16: 95.

15Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings,...": 115, 116.

16lbid.:116; The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 81 (1973): 289; Ibid., 33 (1925): 184; Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, 56 (1922): 627.

17Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings...": 115, 116.

18Ibid.: 115, 116.

19Ibid.: 115, 116, and The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 33: 184.

20Coldham, "Genealogical Gleanings... ", 115, 116.

21William and Mary Quarterly, Series 2, 16: 95.

22Ibid.: 95; A. B. Fothergill and J. M. Naugle, Virginia Taxpayers, 1782-1787 (Baltimore, Md., 1974) : 22; A. E. Casey, Amite County, Mississippi, 1699-1890, Vol. III (Amite Cny., 1957): v.i.; CRFHJ, 1:257; The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 27: 324; C. H. Hamlin, They Went Thataway (Baltimore, Md., 1975): 79-80; The Valentine Museum, The E. P. Valentine Papers (Richmond, Va., n.d.) : 151; National Archives Microfilm Publications, Population Schedules of the U.S. (The National Archives, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, Washington, D.C.) for the 1810-1850 censuses of Ky. The U.S. Population Schedules are hereafter cited as PSUS.

23National Historical Magazine, 77 (1943): 389; Ibid., 78 (1944): 696; Ibid., 75 (1941): 44; Fothergill and Naugle, Virginia Taxpayers..., 22; PSUS, 185O Ky.; PSUS, 1810-1850 Va.; M. H. Harris, History of Louisa County, Virginia (Richmond, Va., 1936): 259, 274.

24PSUS, 1830-1860 Va., Tenn.; personal research and correspondence.

25PSUS, 1830 Va.; CRFP, No. XIX (1979): 1, 3; Ibid., No. XII (1978): 1.

26PSUS, 1810-40 Va.; CRFHJ, 1: 274.

27CRFP, No. VIII (1977):1; Ibid., No. XX (1979): 1; Ibid., No. VII (1977): 1-3; PSUS, 1830-1860 Tenn. and Ala.

28T. L. Carpenter, "Hensley Carpenter I" in CRFP, No. XXXIII (1980):3-4; T. L. Carpenter, "The Children and

Grandchildren of Hensley Carpenter" in CRFHJ, 1: 130-131; PSUS, 1850, Tenn.

29T. L. Carpenter, "The Children and Grandchildren of Richard Carpenter" in CRFHJ, 1: 131-2.

30CRFP, No. XX: 1-2; personal research and correspondence.

31CRFP, No. XX: 2; PSUS, 1810-1850 Va.; CRFP, No. XXIV (1979): 7; Ibid., No. XXIII: 3.

32Primary sources for information about descendants of Thomas Carpenter I are: Carpenter, Papers of Col. William Thomas Carpenter: 8-21, q.v. for additional information, and PSUS, 1810-1850, Va.

33Personal research and correspondence.

34Personal research and correspondence.

35Carpenter, Papers of Col. William Thomas Carpenter: 5.

36R. E. Bachelor (Ed.), The Epistle, 8 (1972): 20-22; Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, 80 (1946): 556; National Historical Magazine, 79 (1945): 332; Fothergill and Naugle, Virginia Taxpayers...: 22.